Broadly defined, coaching is “a form of professional learning within the classroom or school that helps [educators] develop and apply new knowledge, make strong plans for instruction and assessment, obtain feedback, refine their practices, and examine results” (The University of Florida Lastinger Center for Learning, Learning Forward, & Public Impact, 2016, p. 5). In simpler terms, coaching provides educators with the support they need to apply a newly learned skill within their own context (Horner, 2018). Coaching differs from training or traditional professional development (PD) workshops that serve the purpose of developing new knowledge, because coaching focuses on the application of new knowledge over time. Coaching plays a vital role in the implementation of tiered support models to ensure fidelity of learned practices by educators and within systems (i.e., structures or supports provided by those individuals in leadership roles).
There are different types of coaching: educator-level or instructional coaching and systems-level or team coaching. Induction coaching in Rhode Island refers to specific educator-level coaching in which new teachers are supported as they make the transition from pre-service programs to the professional setting.
With MTSS Rhode Island, the term "coaching" refers specifically to systems coaching. The major difference with systems coaching is the focus on supporting systems change. Coaching within the MTSS framework is aimed at developing the capacity of school- and district-based educators to lead large-scale systems change within their current placements.
Some MTSS specific distinctions between educator- and systems-level coaching include the following:
The nature of the goals
As you can see, serving as the coach of the school or district MTSS team comes with its fair share of responsibilities. It's important to note that the coach is not an evaluator of any kind. The coach is there to provide guidance and support during systems change and implementation of MTSS, not to conduct individual evaluations on educators. Administrators must ensure that coaches have adequate time to serve in this role properly, including time to prepare for and run meetings, attend and engage with coaching supports provided through MTSS Rhode Island, and complete action steps related to implementation.
MTSS Rhode Island is here to support coaches leading the work in Rhode Island schools and districts. Through online coursework and webinars, as well as individualized one-on-one sessions, we're here to help identify, develop, and sustain coaches' capacity to lead teams in their settings.